Hypertension could be a vascular system disease consisting of (permanent or temporary) increased vital signs within the vascular system. It’s not worth ignoring it because untreated hypertension promotes the event of atherosclerosis, which may result in coronary failure and stroke. It can even cause handicap and nephropathy.
CAUSES and kinds OF HYPERTENSION
The reference pressure is 120/80 mmHg. When the center pumps blood with this force, it allows all organs to function at their best. We speak of hypertension when the systolic pressure level is above 140 mmHg and blood pressure above 90 mmHg. The matter of hypertension most frequently affects middle-aged and older adults, and in over 90% of cases, it’s of genetic origin. Cenforce 100 and Fildena 100 also help to cure ed. Looking at the cause, we can distinguish two kinds of hypertension:
Primary arterial hypertension
It accounts for the bulk of cases of this condition. Its source is genetic and environmental factors that cause dysregulation of any of the mechanisms involved in pressure regulation (e.g., the hormone system).
Secondary arterial hypertension
They are suspected when the matter concerns young patients. it’s potentially removable because it comes from other diseases such as:
narrowing (coarctation) of the aorta
tumor of the endocrine (phaeochromocytoma)
The occurrence of hypertension depends largely on our lifestyle. the chance of developing the disease is increased by factors such as:
- overweight and obesity
- a large amount of salt within the diet
- drinking alcohol
- physical inactivity
- vitamin deficiency
- drugs containing ephedrine
Hypertension can cause a variety of ailments. the foremost common symptoms are:
- sleep disturbance
- feeling anxious, irritable, explosive
- spots ahead of the eyes
- buzzing and dizziness
In many patients, arterial hypertension is asymptomatic for up to many years. Unfortunately, if left untreated, it will end in failure, attack, or stroke suddenly. That’s why it’s so important to regulate the pressure, and just in case of abnormalities, start treatment as soon as possible.
HOW TO RECOGNIZE AND TREAT HYPERTENSION?
Diagnosis relies on pressure measurements. Of course, one occurrence of the high-pressure level isn’t a disease. Various things will overestimate the values, e.g., stress, lack of rest before the test (it is advisable to spend 10 minutes in a very sitting position), and smoking a cigarette up to a half-hour before the measurement. The measurements are taken by the patient reception area the foremost reliable, so it’s worth equipping yourself with an efficient force per unit area monitor. It’s good to notice down the results and time of the test. In this way, it’ll be easier to decide on the drugs and the prescribed dose and time of taking them. Fildena 100 and Vidalista 60 try to cure ed. To search out whether we are coping with primary hypertension, the doctor must also rule out diseases that are the source of hypertension. It’s also advisable to order laboratory tests (including potassium, sodium, and cholesterol levels), indicating a disorder. Treatment of high-pressure group relies on two components:
A lifestyle change that includes:
giving up tobacco
limiting alcohol consumption
if you’re overweight, reduce (BMI should be between 18.5 and 25)
introducing an oversized amount of vegetables, fruit, and fish to the daily menu, and limiting salt and fatty and fried meats
introducing physical activity (minimum half-hour a day). Specialists recommend swimming, gymnastics, walking, and cycling
avoiding stressful situations
taking care of healthy sleep and rest (heart-hearted holidays should be spent by the ocean, not within the mountains, where there’s less oxygen within the atmosphere)
Taking medications to lower pressure, the so-called hypotensive. We distinguish:
water tablets (diuretics) – most frequently employed in the elderly
beta-blockers, whose task is to cut back the tone of the sympathetic system
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACEI) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), which lower pressure by affecting the hormone system
calcium channel blockers that reduce the strain in blood vessels
The drugs mentioned are often combined or used individually. To start with, the doctor usually recommends monotherapy. Medicines should be taken daily, at fixed times, consistent with the doctor’s instructions. You must not discontinue or change the doses of medication yourself. However, it’s necessary to conduct regular measurements and record the results. If the vital sign remains above 140/90, it’s essential to go to the doctor again and modify the treatment. within the event of a sudden jump in pressure, reliever medication will be used, which is placed under the tongue for faster absorption (e.g., prescription
Captopril). Hypertension could be a chronic disease, which suggests that medication must be taken for the remainder of your life – unless the underlying condition may be eliminated. Whether or not we aren’t within the group at high risk of developing the disease, it’s worth taking care of prophylaxis, which consists of maintaining a correct weight, healthy eating, regular physical activity, and vital sign monitoring.